European University Institute Library

Knowledge regulation and national security in postwar America, Mario Daniels and John Krige

Knowledge regulation and national security in postwar America, Mario Daniels and John Krige
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references and index
index present
Literary Form
non fiction
Main title
Knowledge regulation and national security in postwar America
Nature of contents
Oclc number
Responsibility statement
Mario Daniels and John Krige
"Today the activities of foreign scientists, especially from countries seen as adversaries, are policed by US "deemed export" regulations that treat every communication of formally unclassified but controlled technical information as if a physical export had occurred. Considerable effort is devoted to regulating the flow of sensitive but unclassified knowledge, and the state has developed instruments like export controls and visa policies to restrict access to it. In this groundbreaking book, Mario Daniels and John Krige set out to show that export control regulations have had enormous political relevance for American debates about national security, foreign policy, and trade policy since 1945. Indeed, they argue that from the 1940s to today the issue of how to control the transnational movement of information has been central to the thinking and actions of the guardians of the American national security state. The expansion of control over knowledge and know-how is apparent from the increasingly systematic inclusion of universities and research institutions into a system that in the 1950s and 1960s mainly targeted business activities. As this book vividly reveals, classification was not the only-and not even the most important-regulatory instrument that came into being in the post-war era"--, Provided by publisher
Table Of Contents
Introduction : what are export controls, and why do they matter? -- The invention of export controls over unclassified technological data and know-how (1917-1945) -- The Cold War national security state and the export control regime -- The recalibration of American power, the Bucy Report, and the reshaping of export controls in the 1970s -- The Reagan administration's attempts to control Soviet knowledge acquisition in academia -- Academia fights back : the Corson Panel and the fundamental research exclusion -- "Economic security" and the politics of export controls over technology transfers to Japan in the 1980s -- Paradigm shifts in export control policies by Reagan, Bush, and Clinton and the evolving US-China relations -- The conflict over technology sharing in Clinton's second term : the Cox Report and the use of Chinese launchers -- Epilogue : export controls, US Academia, and the Chinese-American clash during the Trump administration
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