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The Resource The Maurists' unfinished encyclopedia, Linn Holmberg

The Maurists' unfinished encyclopedia, Linn Holmberg

Label
The Maurists' unfinished encyclopedia
Title
The Maurists' unfinished encyclopedia
Statement of responsibility
Linn Holmberg
Creator
Contributor
Issuing body
Subject
Genre
Language
  • eng
  • fre
  • eng
Summary
In this groundbreaking study, Linn Holmberg provides new perspectives on the Enlightenment ‘dictionary wars’ and offers a fascinating insight into the intellectual reorientation of a monastic community in the Age of Reason. In mid-eighteenth-century Paris, two Benedictine monks from the Congregation of Saint-Maur – also known as the Maurists – began working on a universal dictionary of arts, crafts, and sciences. At the same time, Diderot and D’Alembert started to compile the famous Encyclopédie. The Benedictines, however, never finished or published their work and the manuscripts were left, forgotten, in the monastery archive. In the first study devoted to the Maurists’ unfinished encyclopedia, Holmberg explores the project’s origins, development, and abandonment and sheds new light on the intellectual activities of its creators, the emergence of the encyclopedic dictionary in France, and the Encyclopédie of Diderot and D’Alembert. Holmberg adopts a multidisciplinary approach to the challenges of studying a hitherto unexplored and incomplete manuscript. By using codicology and handwriting analysis, the author reconstructs the drafts’ order of production, estimates the number of compilers and the nature of their work, and detects comprehensive editorial interferences made by nineteenth-century conservators at the Bibliothèque nationale de France. Holmberg’s meticulous work proves, with textual evidence, the Maurist dictionary’s origins as an augmented translation of a mathematical dictionary by Christian Wolff. Through comparing the Maurists’ manuscripts to the Encyclopédie and the Jesuits’ Dictionnaire de Trévoux, the author highlights striking similarities between the Benedictine project and that of Diderot and D’Alembert, showing that the philosophes were neither first with their encyclopedic innovations, nor alone in their secular Enlightenment endeavours.--
Member of
Assigning source
Provided by publisher
Cataloging source
ERL
http://library.link/vocab/creatorName
Holmberg, Linn
Dewey number
194
Illustrations
illustrations
Index
index present
Language note
Text in English; with some text in French
Literary form
non fiction
Nature of contents
bibliography
http://library.link/vocab/relatedWorkOrContributorName
Voltaire Foundation
Series statement
Oxford University studies in the Enlightenment,
Series volume
2017:02
http://library.link/vocab/subjectName
  • Encyclopedias and dictionaries
  • Encyclopedias and dictionaries, French
  • Enlightenment
  • France
Label
The Maurists' unfinished encyclopedia, Linn Holmberg
Instantiates
Publication
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references and index
Carrier category
volume
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Content category
  • text
  • still image
Content type MARC source
  • rdacontent
  • rdacontent
Contents
1. Introduction. Reasons for studying an unfinished encyclopedia. The discovery of the manuscripts, and earlier research. 2. The Maurists’ manuscripts under the loupe. The history of the physical documents. Determining the number of writers. 3. The history of a dictionary in the making. The Congregation of Saint-Maur: organisation and erudition. Dom Pernety revisited The dictionary project: picking up the trail. The first phase: translating Wolff’s lexicon (c.1743-1747). Competition with the embryonic Encyclopédie (1746). Turning point: interruption and transformation (c. 1747). The second phase: continuation and abandonment (c.1747-1754/1755). 4. The Maurists’ manuscripts compared. Establishing limits: comparison to the Dictionnaire de Trévoux. Creating clusters of knowledge: comparison to the Encyclopédie. Other aspects of order: classification and cross-references. Identifying the Maurists’ sources. Mechanical arts and crafts. Natural history. Medical arts. Mathematical sciences. 5. The Maurist enterprise and Enlightenment thought. A monastic community in transformation. Responding to the tastes of the time. The middle ground that could have been. Conclusion: To change the way people think’. Appendix 1: nomenclature. Appendix 2: working lists. Appendix 3: illustrations. Appendix 4: fields of knowledge. Appendix 5: transcriptions and translations. Bibliography. Index
Control code
ocn974512683
Dimensions
24 cm.
Extent
xv, 313 pages
Isbn
9780729411912
Media category
unmediated
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Other physical details
illustrations
System control number
(OCoLC)974512683
Label
The Maurists' unfinished encyclopedia, Linn Holmberg
Publication
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references and index
Carrier category
volume
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Content category
  • text
  • still image
Content type MARC source
  • rdacontent
  • rdacontent
Contents
1. Introduction. Reasons for studying an unfinished encyclopedia. The discovery of the manuscripts, and earlier research. 2. The Maurists’ manuscripts under the loupe. The history of the physical documents. Determining the number of writers. 3. The history of a dictionary in the making. The Congregation of Saint-Maur: organisation and erudition. Dom Pernety revisited The dictionary project: picking up the trail. The first phase: translating Wolff’s lexicon (c.1743-1747). Competition with the embryonic Encyclopédie (1746). Turning point: interruption and transformation (c. 1747). The second phase: continuation and abandonment (c.1747-1754/1755). 4. The Maurists’ manuscripts compared. Establishing limits: comparison to the Dictionnaire de Trévoux. Creating clusters of knowledge: comparison to the Encyclopédie. Other aspects of order: classification and cross-references. Identifying the Maurists’ sources. Mechanical arts and crafts. Natural history. Medical arts. Mathematical sciences. 5. The Maurist enterprise and Enlightenment thought. A monastic community in transformation. Responding to the tastes of the time. The middle ground that could have been. Conclusion: To change the way people think’. Appendix 1: nomenclature. Appendix 2: working lists. Appendix 3: illustrations. Appendix 4: fields of knowledge. Appendix 5: transcriptions and translations. Bibliography. Index
Control code
ocn974512683
Dimensions
24 cm.
Extent
xv, 313 pages
Isbn
9780729411912
Media category
unmediated
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Other physical details
illustrations
System control number
(OCoLC)974512683

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