The Resource Similar challenges, different outcomes? : the development of political financing regimes in post-communist space, Sergiu Lipcean

Similar challenges, different outcomes? : the development of political financing regimes in post-communist space, Sergiu Lipcean

Label
Similar challenges, different outcomes? : the development of political financing regimes in post-communist space
Title
Similar challenges, different outcomes?
Title remainder
the development of political financing regimes in post-communist space
Statement of responsibility
Sergiu Lipcean
Creator
Subject
Language
eng
Summary
This thesis analyses the evolution of political financing regimes (PFR) across post-communist polities from the outset of transition through the lenses of their restrictiveness. Unlike existing comparative research, that defines restrictiveness of party and campaign funding almost exclusively in terms of regulatory scope, this dissertation argues that restrictiveness emerges from the interplay between regulatory scope and intensity. While scope pertains to the gamut of financing regulations, intensity relates to their stringency. This analytical framework is then employed to assess the variation in restrictiveness along the key dimensions of PFR such as private financing, public funding, spending, transparency and enforcement. More specifically, I show that restrictiveness of regulatory provisions on each dimension does not emanate from the mere availability of various restrictions, liabilities or entitlements such as donation and spending limits, reporting and disclosure obligations, oversight and sanctioning rules or the provision of public funding. Instead, it stems from different levels of regulatory intensity, typified by how much: (i) a donor can contribute, (ii) a party or candidate can spend, (iii) public funding is provided, (iv) information is reported and disclosed, (v) autonomy and powers supervisory body holds and (vi) punishment is foreseen for financial wrongdoings. Based on this approach, I construct an original dataset of restrictiveness for 27 post-communist regimes for each regulatory dimension containing indicators that capture the nature of regulatory regimes considerably better than aggregate composite indexes. The analysis of regulatory developments reveals that despite a global shift from laissez-faire towards quite elaborate financing rules, post-communist regimes have varied significantly regarding the pace and magnitude of regulatory reform for both party statutory and election financing. Furthermore, the convergence of PFR in terms of regulatory scope was not followed by a similar process in terms of regulatory stringency. Quite the contrary, the variation in donation limits decreased neither cross-nationally nor over time, although the incentive structure of fundraising was favourable to parties and candidates, who could rely on a narrow donor base to cover their financial needs. Likewise, the gap between countries providing the most lavish and the scarcest state support to parties and candidates substantially increased once the pool of countries that introduced public funding has expanded over time. Spending caps, on the other hand, turned out to be excessively restrictive in most cases, which have clearly undermined the fairness of electoral competition and actors’ compliance by the rules. Transparency and enforcement represent the two dimensions where, regardless of the diversity of institutional configurations, post-communist regimes have resembled each other mostly. The blurry nature of reporting and disclosure provisions and the preservation of many regulatory loopholes into legal framework have allowed political parties to keep significant portions of their finances out of public scrutiny. Similarly, the control mechanism was hindered by several factors, including politicization and/or limited powers of the supervisory body accompanied by a toothless system of sanctions. Besides, by exploring the relationship between public funding with other regulatory dimensions, I found that the level of state support is unevenly correlated with their restrictiveness. While a high level of state support is not accompanied by more restrictive contribution limits, it is associated by stricter transparency and enforcement rules. Finally, the analysis shows that a more generous public funding mechanism is negatively associated with the level of political corruption and positively correlated with the proportionality of electoral system and democratisation, though in the latter case the strength of the correlation is weaker
Member of
Cataloging source
FIE
http://library.link/vocab/creatorName
Lipcean, Sergiu
Date time place
Defence date: 12 April 2019
Dissertation note
Thesis (Ph. D.)--European University Institute (SPS), 2019
Index
no index present
Literary form
non fiction
Nature of contents
theses
Series statement
  • EUI PhD theses
  • EUI theses
http://library.link/vocab/subjectName
  • Campaign funds
  • Political parties
  • Europe, Eastern
Label
Similar challenges, different outcomes? : the development of political financing regimes in post-communist space, Sergiu Lipcean
Link
http://hdl.handle.net/1814/62205
Instantiates
Publication
Note
Examining Board: Professor Stefano Bartolini, European University Institute (Supervisor); Professor Dorothee Bohle, European University Institute; Professor Ingrid van Biezen, Leiden University; Dr. Marcin Walecki, OSCE/ODIHR (Head of Democratization Department)
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references (pages 265 - 309)
Carrier category
volume
Carrier category code
  • nc
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Content category
text
Content type code
  • txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Dimensions
30 cm.
Extent
xi, 309 pages
Media category
unmediated
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
  • n
Other physical details
illustrations
System control number
(OCoLC)1103563896
Label
Similar challenges, different outcomes? : the development of political financing regimes in post-communist space, Sergiu Lipcean
Link
http://hdl.handle.net/1814/62205
Publication
Note
Examining Board: Professor Stefano Bartolini, European University Institute (Supervisor); Professor Dorothee Bohle, European University Institute; Professor Ingrid van Biezen, Leiden University; Dr. Marcin Walecki, OSCE/ODIHR (Head of Democratization Department)
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references (pages 265 - 309)
Carrier category
volume
Carrier category code
  • nc
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Content category
text
Content type code
  • txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Dimensions
30 cm.
Extent
xi, 309 pages
Media category
unmediated
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
  • n
Other physical details
illustrations
System control number
(OCoLC)1103563896

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