Coverart for item
The Resource Organisation for European Economic Co-operation : [Fonds]

Organisation for European Economic Co-operation : [Fonds]

Label
Organisation for European Economic Co-operation : [Fonds], 1948-1961
Title
Organisation for European Economic Co-operation
Title remainder
[Fonds]
Inclusive dates
1948-1961
Creator
Contributor
Subject
Genre
Language
  • eng
  • fre
  • eng
  • eng
Summary
The fonds mainly comprises official documents of the OEEC describing activities of the various OEEC bodies and committees and working parties, including complete series of minutes and working papers of the Council and Executive Committee. A relevant part of the fonds, arranged in subject files, concerns the creation of a Free Trade Area
Biographical or historical data
The Organisation for European Economic Cooperation (OEEC) came into being on 16 April 1948. It emerged from the Marshall Plan and the Conference of the the Sixteen (CEEC), which sought to set up a permanent organisation to continue work on the joint recovery programme and in particular to supervise the distribution of aid. The European organisation adopted was a permanent organisation for economic cooperation, functioning in accordance with the following principles: promotion of cooperation between participating countries and their national production programmes for the reconstruction of Europe, development of intra-European trade by reducing tariffs and other barriers to the expansion of trade, study of the feasibility of creating a customs union or free trade area and multilateralisation of payments, achievement of conditions for better utilisation of labour. The OEEC had 18 members: Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Greece, Ireland, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, United Kingdom, plus Western Germany (originally represented by Bizonia and the French occupation zone). Trieste was also a member of the OEEC for a period. The countries and territories sat on the Council of the organisation, chaired by representative figures (Paul-Henri Spaak, Paul van Zeeland, Dork Strikker, Anthony Eden, Richard Heathcoat Amory) who were bound to make decisions unanimously. It appointed an executive committee of five permanent members and five rotating members, with partial delegation of powers between full Council meetings. The Secretary General (Robert Marjolin until 1955 and then Rene Sergent) derived his authority from the Council for questions of administration, which were handled by directorates.The business division of the OEEC consisted of vertical (approximately 15) and horizontal (5) technical committees responsible for handling particular areas: food and agriculture, coal, electricity, oil, iron and steel, raw materials, machinery, non-ferrous metals, chemical products, timber, pulp and paper, textiles etc. The aim of the OEEC, as laid down in Article 11 of the Convention for European Economic Co-operation of 16th April, 1948, was "the achievement of a sound European economy through the economic co-operation of its Members." The initial task to achieve this objective was the preparation and execution by the OEEC of a joint recovery programme, drawn up in the form of a Convention, which would enable all members to reach a satisfactory level of economic activity without exceptional external aid. The general obligations laid down in Part 1 of the Convention define the objectives which the Members of the OEEC should pursue, both inside and outside the Organisation, in order to carry out their undertaking to "work in close co-operation in their economic relations with one another" (Article 1). Thus, the Member countries were required to promote "the development of production through efficient use of the resources at their command" (Article 2), to develop "the maximum possible interchange of goods and services" and "achieve a multilateral system of payments among themselves" (Article 4), to study "Customs unions or analogous arrangements such as free trade areas" (Article 5) , to "reduce tariff and other barriers to the expansion of trade" (Article 6) and to maintain their internal financial stability (Article 7). Finally, they must endeavor to facilitate the movement of workers and, more generally, reduce obstacles to the free movement of persons. Under this definition the objectives of the OEEC were limited to the economic field considered in all its aspects. In practice, however, the activities of the Organisation had been extended to other fields which go rather beyond purely economic questions, such as, in particular, the field of nuclear energy used for peaceful purposes or that of the shortage of scientific and technical manpower. For this reason, the bodies set up by the OEEC to keep under permanent review the different questions within its competence have generally an economic, financial or social objective, but they may also have a rather pronounced technical character. As the OEEC is essentially a governmental organisation, its component bodies are, with a very few exceptions, inter-governmental organs. Created in 1948 to allocate and distribute Marshall Plan aid and to plan for and effect a European Recovery Program (ERP) for the countries of Western Europe, the OEEC encouraged Member States' growth in the areas of industry, agriculture, energy and technology and contributed to the freeing of trade and to the convertibility of European currencies. In September 1961 the OEEC was replaced by the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) , which had a more international outlook.
Cataloging source
IT-FiEUI
Language note
Fonds in English and French. Inventory in English
http://bibfra.me/vocab/lite/organizationName
Organisation for European Economic Co-operation
http://library.link/vocab/relatedWorkOrContributorName
Organisation for European Economic Co-operation
http://library.link/vocab/subjectName
  • Maudling, Reginald
  • Organisation for European Economic Co-operation
  • Free trade
  • Sustainable agriculture
  • Agriculture
  • Economic assistance
  • Cement industries
  • Chemical industry
  • Insurance law, International
  • Steel industry and trade
  • Energy policy
  • Transportation
  • Taxation
  • Double taxation
  • Electric power
  • European Free Trade Area countries
Label
Organisation for European Economic Co-operation : [Fonds]
Link
http://archives.eui.eu/en/fonds/173448?item=OEEC
Instantiates
Note
  • The source of information on the Organisation for European Economic Co-operation is document N. 1597 of the Committee, drawn up 19 May 1960 (OEEC/250). The complete version of this document is available in the Inventory Room in the Historical Archives of the European Union
  • Descriptions are the property of the European University Institute (Historical Archives of the European Union), but can be freely used provided that reference is made to the source. Described by Mary Carr
Control code
FIEb17091391
Extent
25 linear meters, 8480 files.
Governing access note
Unrestricted access
System control number
  • FIEb16763270
  • (OCoLC)881359396
Label
Organisation for European Economic Co-operation : [Fonds]
Link
http://archives.eui.eu/en/fonds/173448?item=OEEC
Note
  • The source of information on the Organisation for European Economic Co-operation is document N. 1597 of the Committee, drawn up 19 May 1960 (OEEC/250). The complete version of this document is available in the Inventory Room in the Historical Archives of the European Union
  • Descriptions are the property of the European University Institute (Historical Archives of the European Union), but can be freely used provided that reference is made to the source. Described by Mary Carr
Control code
FIEb17091391
Extent
25 linear meters, 8480 files.
Governing access note
Unrestricted access
System control number
  • FIEb16763270
  • (OCoLC)881359396

Library Locations

    • Historical Archives of the European UnionBorrow it
      Villa Salviati, Via Bolognese 156, Firenze, 50139, IT
      43.8042266 11.2712712
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