Coverart for item
The Resource Mixed-Member Electoral Systems in Constitutional Context : Taiwan, Japan, and Beyond, Nathan F. Batto, Chi Huang, Alexander C. Tan, Gary W. Cox, editors, (electronic resource)

Mixed-Member Electoral Systems in Constitutional Context : Taiwan, Japan, and Beyond, Nathan F. Batto, Chi Huang, Alexander C. Tan, Gary W. Cox, editors, (electronic resource)

Label
Mixed-Member Electoral Systems in Constitutional Context : Taiwan, Japan, and Beyond
Title
Mixed-Member Electoral Systems in Constitutional Context
Title remainder
Taiwan, Japan, and Beyond
Statement of responsibility
Nathan F. Batto, Chi Huang, Alexander C. Tan, Gary W. Cox, editors
Title variation
Mixed-Member Electoral Systems in Constitutional Context, Taiwan, Japan, and Beyond
Creator
Contributor
Editor
Language
eng
Summary
  • A group of internationally-recognized political scientists evaluate the ways in which the introduction of a mixed-member electoral system affects the configuration of political parties. Significantly, they also consider various ways in which the constitutional system can modify the incentives created by the electoral system. This title was made Open Access by libraries from around the world through Knowledge Unlatched.--
  • Over the past few decades, political reformers have embraced mixed-member electoral systems as the zbest of both worlds.y Whereas single-member district (SMD) systems offer accountability between representatives and voters, proportional representation (PR) systems in which the composition of the legislature reflects the relative proportion of the votes received by the various political parties offer equity. In a mixed-member electoral system, accountability and equity come together because a certain number of legislators are elected in SMDs under plurality rule and the remainder are elected in multi-member districts under some version of PR. Currently, 32 countries as dissimilar as Mexico, Ukraine, South Korea, Jordan, Hungary, Mongolia, and Germany use some variation of a mixed-member electoral system. In this volume, a group of internationally-recognized political scientists evaluate the ways in which the introduction of a mixed-member electoral system affects the configuration of political parties. The contributors examine several political phenomena, including cabinet post allocation, nominations, pre-electoral coalitions, split-ticket voting, and the size of party systems and faction systems. Significantly, they also consider various ways in which the constitutional system—especially whether the head of government is elected directly or indirectly—can modify the incentives created by the electoral system. Part I of the book provides an in-depth comparison of Taiwan and Japan, both of which moved from single non-transferable vote systems to mixed-member majoritarian systems.--
  • After the electoral reform in 1994, Japan saw a gradual evolution from a multi-party system toward a two-party system over the course of five House of Representatives election cycles. In contrast, after Taiwan’s constitutional amendment in 2005, a two-party system emerged in the first post-reform legislative election in 2008. Critically, however, Taiwan’s president is directly elected while Japan’s prime minister is indirectly elected. The contributors conclude that the higher the payoffs of holding the executive office and the greater degree of cross-district coordination required to win it, the stronger the incentives for elites to form and stay in the major parties. In such a context, a country will move rapidly toward a two-party system. In Part II, the contributors apply this theoretical logic to other countries with mixed-member systems to demonstrate its generality. They find the effect of executive competition on legislative electoral rules in countries as disparate as Thailand, the Philippines, New Zealand, Bolivia, and Russia. The findings presented in this book have important implications for political reform. Often, reformers are motivated by high hopes of solving some political problems and enhancing the quality of democracy. But, as this group of scholars demonstrates, electoral reform alone is not a panacea. Whether and to what extent it achieves the advocated goals depends not only on the specification of new electoral rules per se but also on the political context—and especially the constitutional framework—within which such rules are embedded.--
Member of
Assigning source
  • Provided by publisher
  • Provided by publisher
  • Provided by publisher
Cataloging source
IN-ChSCO
http://library.link/vocab/creatorName
Cox, Gary W
Dewey number
223
Nature of contents
dictionaries
http://library.link/vocab/relatedWorkOrContributorDate
1953-
http://library.link/vocab/relatedWorkOrContributorName
  • Batto, Nathan F
  • Huang, Chi
  • Tan, Alexander C
Series statement
  • Open Access e-Books
  • New Comparative Politics
Label
Mixed-Member Electoral Systems in Constitutional Context : Taiwan, Japan, and Beyond, Nathan F. Batto, Chi Huang, Alexander C. Tan, Gary W. Cox, editors, (electronic resource)
Link
http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.2307/j.ctt1gk08h7
Instantiates
Publication
Distribution
Copyright
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references and indexes
Carrier category
online resource
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier.
Content category
text
Content type MARC source
rdacontent.
Control code
(OCoLC)911069469
Dimensions
unknown
Extent
1 online resource (512 pages)
Form of item
online
Isbn
9780472119738
Media category
computer
Media MARC source
rdamedia.
Other physical details
illustrations, figures, tables.
Reformatting quality
not applicable
Specific material designation
remote
System control number
(OCoLC)945376338
Label
Mixed-Member Electoral Systems in Constitutional Context : Taiwan, Japan, and Beyond, Nathan F. Batto, Chi Huang, Alexander C. Tan, Gary W. Cox, editors, (electronic resource)
Link
http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.2307/j.ctt1gk08h7
Publication
Distribution
Copyright
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references and indexes
Carrier category
online resource
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier.
Content category
text
Content type MARC source
rdacontent.
Control code
(OCoLC)911069469
Dimensions
unknown
Extent
1 online resource (512 pages)
Form of item
online
Isbn
9780472119738
Media category
computer
Media MARC source
rdamedia.
Other physical details
illustrations, figures, tables.
Reformatting quality
not applicable
Specific material designation
remote
System control number
(OCoLC)945376338

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