The Resource Métissage in new France : Frenchification, mixed marriages and metis as shaped by social and political agents and institutions 1508 to 1886, Devrim Karahasan

Métissage in new France : Frenchification, mixed marriages and metis as shaped by social and political agents and institutions 1508 to 1886, Devrim Karahasan

Label
Métissage in new France : Frenchification, mixed marriages and metis as shaped by social and political agents and institutions 1508 to 1886
Title
Métissage in new France
Title remainder
Frenchification, mixed marriages and metis as shaped by social and political agents and institutions 1508 to 1886
Statement of responsibility
Devrim Karahasan
Creator
Contributor
Subject
Language
ger
Summary
This thesis deals with métissage in New France and Canada from 1508 to 1886 - i.e. the process of cultural, social and political encounter between Indians and French and respective conversion and marriage policies, their mixed unions and derived mixed-blood offspring, the Métis and Halfbreeds. In 1508, first Indians were taken captive and brought to France; in 1886, the Act of Savages legally distinguished between "Indians" and "Metis" in Canada. Within this timeframe, colonial processes and policies of métissage, among which mixed marriages were the culmination point, are analysed. The theoretical framework of the history of concepts is employed in order to show how concepts on "race" changed and varied in the longue durée of four centuries, and how they were constructed and used in different contexts. It is held that the history of concepts is the perfect tool to analyse métissage as a concept that evolved over time, was discursively constructed and historically practiced. Métissage is treated as a Franco-Canadian rather than an Anglo-Canadian phenomenon. The fact that it was the French who pursued an officially backed policy of mixed marriages refers to Samuel de Champlain's exclamation towards the Huron tribe in 1633: "Nos garçons se marieront à vos filles, et nous ne ferons quún peuple." Yet, rather than leading to a French nation overseas through mixed marriages, the unexpected result were Metis individuals and Metis communities that expressed nationalist demands. The premises, main questions and theoretical assumptions are posed in order to trace the development of métissage, the conflicts it engendered, and the ambivalences and contradictions inherent within it. An interpretation of métissage is offered in which métissage is considered as a policy to extend supremacy to distant corners of the world, to incorporate native peoples into this design and to, thus, cement colonial power relations. It is held that métissage is a concept imbued with racist thinking, which found its realisation in colonial policies in order to assimilate Indian populations to French culture. The concept of métissage has appeared in numerous discourses throughout history to describe cultural encounter and race mixture. While being ambivalent in meaning - itself a typical quality of a concept - it points to the colonial encounter of people of so-called different cultural "worth" and societal standing
Member of
Cataloging source
IT-FiEUI
http://library.link/vocab/creatorDate
1971-
http://library.link/vocab/creatorName
Karahasan, Devrim
Date time place
Defence date: 13 November 2006
Dewey number
944.03-A
Dissertation note
Thesis (Ph. D.)--European University Institute (HEC), 2006.
Illustrations
illustrations
Index
no index present
Literary form
non fiction
Nature of contents
theses
http://library.link/vocab/relatedWorkOrContributorName
European University Institute
Series statement
  • EUI PhD theses
  • EUI theses
http://library.link/vocab/subjectName
  • Indians of North America
  • Indians of North America
  • Indians of North America
  • France
  • Canada
  • New France
Label
Métissage in new France : Frenchification, mixed marriages and metis as shaped by social and political agents and institutions 1508 to 1886, Devrim Karahasan
Link
http://hdl.handle.net/1814/7765
Instantiates
Publication
Note
Examining board: Prof. Laurence Fontaine, EHESS Paris/EUI Florence ; Prof. Dr. Heinz-Gerhard Haupt, Universität Bielefeld/EUI Florence ; Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Reinhard, Universität Freiburg
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references (pages 261-278)
Carrier category
volume
Carrier category code
nc
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier.
Content category
text
Content type code
txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent.
Control code
FIEb13438980
Dimensions
30 cm.
Extent
295 pages
Media category
unmediated
Media MARC source
rdamedia.
Media type code
n
Other physical details
illustrations
System control number
(OCoLC)1038730936
Label
Métissage in new France : Frenchification, mixed marriages and metis as shaped by social and political agents and institutions 1508 to 1886, Devrim Karahasan
Link
http://hdl.handle.net/1814/7765
Publication
Note
Examining board: Prof. Laurence Fontaine, EHESS Paris/EUI Florence ; Prof. Dr. Heinz-Gerhard Haupt, Universität Bielefeld/EUI Florence ; Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Reinhard, Universität Freiburg
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references (pages 261-278)
Carrier category
volume
Carrier category code
nc
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier.
Content category
text
Content type code
txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent.
Control code
FIEb13438980
Dimensions
30 cm.
Extent
295 pages
Media category
unmediated
Media MARC source
rdamedia.
Media type code
n
Other physical details
illustrations
System control number
(OCoLC)1038730936

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