The Resource Inglorious heroes of labor : Transcarpathian seasonal workers during late socialism, Kateryna Burkush

Inglorious heroes of labor : Transcarpathian seasonal workers during late socialism, Kateryna Burkush

Label
Inglorious heroes of labor : Transcarpathian seasonal workers during late socialism
Title
Inglorious heroes of labor
Title remainder
Transcarpathian seasonal workers during late socialism
Statement of responsibility
Kateryna Burkush
Creator
Contributor
Subject
Language
eng
Summary
This dissertation is an interdisciplinary study of seasonal labor migration during the late Soviet period and it is specifically focused on Transcarpathia, a region with a long tradition of seasonal labor migration. While tracing the Soviet authorities’ reactions to seasonal migration during the period of 1950-1980s, I observed that despite the state’s attempts to limit and control seasonal migration by administrative means, seasonal workers found ways to bypass all constraints and managed to establish durable work contacts with employers in other Ukrainian regions, as well as in, for instance, Latvia, Siberia and Kazakhstan. How this persistence, in view of the authorities’ explicit disapproval, can be explained? By bringing together scattered archival sources, Soviet publications and oral histories of veteran seasonal workers from Transcarpathia, I claim that the persistence of seasonal labor migration from this region was informed by complex relationships between the late Soviet economic condition and the cultural dispositions of seasonal workers. I trace these relationships on different levels of social interactions: state regulations, community culture, individual agency, and mediating agents – such as procurement agents and collective farms chairmen, who became important actors in the networks of the informal distribution during the late Soviet period. I contend that while providing the Soviet formal economy, prone to labor shortages, with flexible and relatively more productive labor, the workers engaged in informal practices that undermined the Soviet ideas of distributive justice. In the context of the late Soviet "informal liberalization", individual economic initiatives (within the boundaries of the planned economy) were glossed over or even encouraged, though they were still politically and morally condemned, since they were said to go against the prescriptions of communist values. These moral conundrums were discussed in the Soviet media, where seasonal workers, known as shabashniki were often portrayed as "dishonest". The workers themselves, however, resisted or ignored these marginalizing accounts, as their self-esteem was rooted in their result-oriented work ethic, coordinated productivity and the appreciation of their earning capacity in the local communities of Transcarpathia. With their earnings from seasonal labor, they obtained an opportunity to significantly upgrade their houses, which became the main symbol of relations of ownership and social distinction after collectivization in the Transcarpathian countryside
Member of
Cataloging source
FIE
http://library.link/vocab/creatorName
Burkush, Kateryna
Date time place
Defence date: 15 March 2019
Dissertation note
Thesis (Ph. D.)--European University Institute (HEC), 2019.
Index
no index present
Literary form
non fiction
Nature of contents
theses
http://library.link/vocab/relatedWorkOrContributorName
European University Institute
Series statement
  • EUI PhD theses
  • EUI theses
http://library.link/vocab/subjectName
  • Migrant labor
  • Migrant labor
  • Labor policy
  • Working class
Label
Inglorious heroes of labor : Transcarpathian seasonal workers during late socialism, Kateryna Burkush
Instantiates
Publication
Note
Examining Board: Pieter M. Judson, EUI (Supervisor); Laura Lee Downs, EUI; Lewis Siegelbaum, Michigan State University; Marsha Siefert, Central European University
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references (pages 287 - 317)
Carrier category
volume
Carrier category code
  • nc
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Content category
text
Content type code
  • txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Control code
FIE
Dimensions
30 cm.
Extent
317 pages
Media category
unmediated
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
  • n
Other physical details
illustrations
System control number
(OCoLC)1103599506
Label
Inglorious heroes of labor : Transcarpathian seasonal workers during late socialism, Kateryna Burkush
Publication
Note
Examining Board: Pieter M. Judson, EUI (Supervisor); Laura Lee Downs, EUI; Lewis Siegelbaum, Michigan State University; Marsha Siefert, Central European University
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references (pages 287 - 317)
Carrier category
volume
Carrier category code
  • nc
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Content category
text
Content type code
  • txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Control code
FIE
Dimensions
30 cm.
Extent
317 pages
Media category
unmediated
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
  • n
Other physical details
illustrations
System control number
(OCoLC)1103599506

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