The Resource French empire on the ground : plants, peoples, and knowledge in the service of eighteenth-century Isle de France, Dorit Maria Nicola Brixius

French empire on the ground : plants, peoples, and knowledge in the service of eighteenth-century Isle de France, Dorit Maria Nicola Brixius

Label
French empire on the ground : plants, peoples, and knowledge in the service of eighteenth-century Isle de France
Title
French empire on the ground
Title remainder
plants, peoples, and knowledge in the service of eighteenth-century Isle de France
Statement of responsibility
Dorit Maria Nicola Brixius
Creator
Contributor
Subject
Language
eng
Summary
This dissertation examines the globally connected project of plant accumulation on Isle de France in the second half of the eighteenth century, focusing distinctly on the roles and activities of local actors embedded within wider Indo-Pacific networks and environments. Exploring the collection and accumulation of useful plants in a polycentric yet localised history of the plant-related undertakings of a French island colony in the Indian Ocean, this dissertation asks what 'science' and 'empire' meant at a local level. Relying on an in-depth analysis of the plant-based projects of the island ‘from below’, it raises localised approaches to the transfer, production, and practices of plant knowledge and plant material from a cross-cultural perspective. Here, a bottom-up approach tells a very different story than a top-down one would: the whole botanical enterprise was fragile and uncertain, significantly shaped by environmental conditions. Above all, it was built on collaboration between French actors and local populations from Africa to Asia. To tackle, juxtapose, and understand the possibilities and limits of the French actors and to look at plant knowledge as a nuanced global knowledge-practice conducted by non-elite and elite actors in the Indo-Pacific worlds, this project couples approaches from the history of science, environmental history, economic history, and global history. For this purpose, each chapter explores science and empire from a different perspective, arguing for the uncertainty of the cross-cultural botanical project of eighteenth-century Isle de France. Firstly, the Isle de France project was built extensively on the contribution of widely neglected actors, such as slaves, indigenous informants, and go-betweens. Secondly, the island’s cultivational activities had a strongly experimental economy, which was overshadowed by many uncertain human and non-human (f)actors deriving from the Indo-Pacific context. The major aim of this dissertation is to re-assess the French botanical enterprise in the Indian Ocean in order to understand cultivational activities and the social construction of plant-based knowledge-practice with respect to their local sites in both the Indo-Pacific worlds and the French colonial island as such
Cataloging source
FIE
http://library.link/vocab/creatorName
Brixius, Dorit Maria Nicola
Date time place
Defence date: 11 September 2017
Dissertation note
Thesis (Ph. D.)--European University Institute (HEC), 2017
Index
no index present
Literary form
non fiction
Nature of contents
theses
http://library.link/vocab/relatedWorkOrContributorName
European University Institute
Series statement
  • EUI PhD theses.
  • EUI theses
http://library.link/vocab/subjectName
  • Agriculture
  • Botany
  • Île-de-France (France)
  • Paris (France)
  • France
Label
French empire on the ground : plants, peoples, and knowledge in the service of eighteenth-century Isle de France, Dorit Maria Nicola Brixius
Link
http://hdl.handle.net/1814/47924.
Instantiates
Publication
Note
Examining Board: Professor Stéphane Van Damme, European University Institute; Professor Regina Grafe, European University Institute; Professor Lissa Roberts, University of Twente; Doctor Sujit Sivasundaram, University of Cambridge
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references (pages 327-355)
Carrier category
volume
Carrier category code
nc
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Content category
text
Content type code
txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Control code
FIE
Dimensions
30 cm.
Extent
viii, 360 pages
Media category
unmediated
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
n
Other physical details
illustrations
System control number
(OCoLC)1005706904
Label
French empire on the ground : plants, peoples, and knowledge in the service of eighteenth-century Isle de France, Dorit Maria Nicola Brixius
Link
http://hdl.handle.net/1814/47924.
Publication
Note
Examining Board: Professor Stéphane Van Damme, European University Institute; Professor Regina Grafe, European University Institute; Professor Lissa Roberts, University of Twente; Doctor Sujit Sivasundaram, University of Cambridge
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references (pages 327-355)
Carrier category
volume
Carrier category code
nc
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Content category
text
Content type code
txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Control code
FIE
Dimensions
30 cm.
Extent
viii, 360 pages
Media category
unmediated
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
n
Other physical details
illustrations
System control number
(OCoLC)1005706904

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