The Resource Essays on the economics of prostitution and sex crimes, Riccardo Ciacci

Essays on the economics of prostitution and sex crimes, Riccardo Ciacci

Label
Essays on the economics of prostitution and sex crimes
Title
Essays on the economics of prostitution and sex crimes
Statement of responsibility
Riccardo Ciacci
Creator
Contributor
Subject
Language
eng
Summary
This thesis consists of three chapters devoted to analyse the determinants of prostitution and sex crimes. The first chapter, jointly co-authored with Micaela Sviatschi (Princeton), finds evidence that adult entertainment establishments and sex crimes behave as substitutes. We build a daily panel that combines the exact location of not-self-reported sex crimes with the day of opening and exact location of adult entertainment establishments in New York City. We find that these businesses decrease daily sex crime by 13% per police precinct. The results imply that the reduction is mostly driven by potential sex offenders frequenting these establishments rather than committing crimes. The second chapter shows that improving prostitutes’ outside options deter prostitution. Specifically, this chapter fills the gap between two strands of the literature suggesting that unilateral divorce should decrease prostitution as a result of higher wives’ welfare. I build a unique panel data set for the U.S to test this prediction. Differences in the timing of entry into force of unilateral divorce laws across U.S. states provide a quasi-experimental setting allowing to estimate the effect of unilateral divorce laws on female prostitution (proxied by female prostitutes’ arrests). Using a diff-in-diff estimation approach, I find that unilateral divorce reduces prostitution by about 10%. I explore several mechanisms that could rationalize my findings. The mechanism that fits best the empirical evidence is one where unilateral divorce improves the option value of getting married by increasing wives’ welfare. As a result, the supply of prostitution declines. Finally, in the third chapter I rely on a recent economic literature, including Chapter 1 of this thesis, reporting evidence on how sex crime and prostitution behave as substitutable activities. This chapter makes use of variation in fines for sex purchase in Sweden to analyse the relationship between criminalising the purchase of prostitution and rape; and finds that higher fines for sex purchase increase rape on impact
Cataloging source
FIE
http://library.link/vocab/creatorName
Ciacci, Riccardo
Date time place
Defence date: 12 December 2018
Dissertation note
Thesis (Ph. D.)--European University Institute (ECO), 2018.
Illustrations
illustrations
Index
no index present
Literary form
non fiction
Nature of contents
theses
http://library.link/vocab/relatedWorkOrContributorName
European University Institute
Series statement
  • EUI PhD theses.
  • EUI theses
http://library.link/vocab/subjectName
  • Interpersonal relations
  • Sex
Label
Essays on the economics of prostitution and sex crimes, Riccardo Ciacci
Link
http://hdl.handle.net/1814/60245
Instantiates
Publication
Note
Examining board: Professor Juan Dolado, EUI, Supervisor; Professor Andrea Ichino, EUI; Professor Irma Clots-Figueras, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid; Professor Bas van der Klaauw, VU University Amsterdam
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references (pages 157 - 163)
Carrier category
volume
Carrier category code
nc
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Content category
text
Content type code
txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Dimensions
30 cm.
Extent
ixi, 163 pages
Media category
unmediated
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
n
Other physical details
illustrations
System control number
(OCoLC)1088469124
Label
Essays on the economics of prostitution and sex crimes, Riccardo Ciacci
Link
http://hdl.handle.net/1814/60245
Publication
Note
Examining board: Professor Juan Dolado, EUI, Supervisor; Professor Andrea Ichino, EUI; Professor Irma Clots-Figueras, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid; Professor Bas van der Klaauw, VU University Amsterdam
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references (pages 157 - 163)
Carrier category
volume
Carrier category code
nc
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Content category
text
Content type code
txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Dimensions
30 cm.
Extent
ixi, 163 pages
Media category
unmediated
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
n
Other physical details
illustrations
System control number
(OCoLC)1088469124

Library Locations

    • Badia FiesolanaBorrow it
      Via dei Roccettini 9, San Domenico di Fiesole, 50014, IT
      43.803074 11.283055
Processing Feedback ...