The Resource Essays in applied microeconomics, Ingvil Gaarder

Essays in applied microeconomics, Ingvil Gaarder

Label
Essays in applied microeconomics
Title
Essays in applied microeconomics
Statement of responsibility
Ingvil Gaarder
Creator
Contributor
Subject
Language
eng
Summary
The first chapter of this thesis examines the incidence and distribution effects of VAT. The context of the study is a sharp change in the VAT policy on food items in Norway. I examine the direct impact of the policy change on the consumer prices of food items as well as any cross-price effects on other goods. The estimates suggest that taxes levied on food items are completely shifted to consumer prices, whereas the pricing of other goods is not materially affected. To understand the distributional effects of the VAT reform, I use expenditure data and estimate the compensating variation of the tax induced price changes. I find that lowering the VAT on food attenuates inequality in consumer welfare. Chapter 2 and 3 investigates how technology adoption in firms affects productivity and labor market outcomes. In chapter 2 (joint work with A. Akerman and M. Mogstad), the focus is on whether adoption of broadband internet in firms enhance labor productivity and increase wages. We find that broadband adoption favors skilled labor by increasing its relative productivity. By comparison, broadband internet is a substitute for workers without high school diploma, lowering their marginal productivity. Consistent with the estimated changes in labor productivity, wage regressions show the expansion of broadband internet improves (worsens) the labor outcomes of skilled (unskilled) workers. We explore several possible explanations for the skill bias of broadband internet. We find suggestive evidence that broadband internet complements skilled workers in executing nonroutine abstract tasks, and substitutes for unskilled workers in performing routine tasks. In chapter 3, I move attention to why firms differ so much in their abilities to convert inputs into output. One possibly explanation is that firms choose different technology, giving variation in output that cannot be explained based on observable inputs like standard labor or capital measures. I find that broadband internet accounts for about 2 to 3 percent of the standard deviation in TFP across firms. I decompose aggregate TFP in the economy into an unweighted average of firm-level TFP and the covariance between market share and firm-level TFP. I find that the contribution of the covariance term to aggregate TFP is reduced substantially when I account for the variation in output that can be explained by broadband adoption in firms. This suggests that broadband internet accounts for some of the allocation of production to more productive firms
Member of
Cataloging source
IT-FiEUI
http://library.link/vocab/creatorName
Gaarder, Ingvil
Date time place
Defence date: 29 September 2014
Dissertation note
Thesis (Ph. D.)--European University Institute (ECO), 2014.
Index
no index present
Literary form
non fiction
Nature of contents
theses
http://library.link/vocab/relatedWorkOrContributorName
European University Institute
Series statement
  • EUI PhD theses
  • EUI theses
http://library.link/vocab/subjectName
Microeconomics
Label
Essays in applied microeconomics, Ingvil Gaarder
Link
http://hdl.handle.net/1814/32936
Instantiates
Publication
Note
Examining Board: Professor Jérôme Adda, EUI & Bocconi University, Supervisor; Professor Andrea Ichino, EUI; Professor Kjell G. Salvanes, Norwegian School of Economics; Professor Guy Michaels, LSE
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references (pages 101-106)
Carrier category
volume
Carrier category code
nc
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier.
Content category
text
Content type code
txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent.
Control code
FIEb17601277
Dimensions
30 cm.
Extent
106 pages
Media category
unmediated
Media MARC source
rdamedia.
Media type code
n
System control number
(OCoLC)914479186
Label
Essays in applied microeconomics, Ingvil Gaarder
Link
http://hdl.handle.net/1814/32936
Publication
Note
Examining Board: Professor Jérôme Adda, EUI & Bocconi University, Supervisor; Professor Andrea Ichino, EUI; Professor Kjell G. Salvanes, Norwegian School of Economics; Professor Guy Michaels, LSE
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references (pages 101-106)
Carrier category
volume
Carrier category code
nc
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier.
Content category
text
Content type code
txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent.
Control code
FIEb17601277
Dimensions
30 cm.
Extent
106 pages
Media category
unmediated
Media MARC source
rdamedia.
Media type code
n
System control number
(OCoLC)914479186

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