The Resource Ernesto Rossi : [Fonds]

Ernesto Rossi : [Fonds]

Label
Ernesto Rossi : [Fonds], 1912-1999
Title
Ernesto Rossi
Title remainder
[Fonds]
Inclusive dates
1912-1999
Creator
Subject
Genre
Language
  • ita
  • fre
  • eng
  • ger
  • eng
  • ita
Summary
The fonds comprises a wide variety of materials. Of particular interest is the correspondence with relatives and fellows during his exile and the series of articles that Rossi wrote for "Il Mondo" . There is also a rich collection of personal papers, supplemented by reproductions collected from other public or private archives. The letters, memos and minutes of meetings illustrate the highly active political agenda of Ernesto Rossi. The correspondence exchanged in the postwar period with politicians and Italian (not exclusively) intellectuals comprises a significant part of the collection. Rossi's activity as president of the Azienda Rilievo Alienazione Residuati (ARAR) and as editorial advisor is also documented. Included is the work of the Committee for the publication of the works of Gaetano Salvemini (historian, politician, antifascist) illustrating the "case Del Re". Particular emphasis is given to the dossiers prepared by Rossi's investigation on public administration and economic issues, which he published in acclaimed articles in "Il Mondo" and in "The Astrolabio"
Biographical or historical data
Ernesto Rossi was born in Caserta, on 25 August 1897, finished his secondary schooling in 1915 and soon enlisted as a volunteer during the World War I. In 1920, he enrolled as a law student at the University of Siena and soon expressed a preference for the study of economics and history, while considering himself already a disciple of Gaetano Salvemini and Vilfredo Pareto. After the war he became a close friend of Salvemini and joined the group of young intellectuals in writing for the journal "L'Unita". With Salvemini, Carlo and Nello Rosselli and Nello Traquandi, Rossi founded the "Circolo di Cultura", which in three years, became the centre of opposition to fascism before being destroyed in 1924 by the "squadristi". After the assassination of Matteotti, Ernesto Rossi became one of the leaders of "Italia libera", a secret organization composed of veterans and anti-fascists. He joined the National Alliance Giovanni Amendola and published the first clandestine newspaper in opposition to fascism, "Non mollare". Arrested and released numerous times by the organisation for the repression of anti-fascism (OVRA), Rossi was forced to emigrate to France in June 1925. On his return to Italy, he was given a chair of economics at the Technical Institute of Bergamo and continued his work of propaganda against fascism. In 1929, together with Carlo Rosselli, Emilio Lussu, Salvemini, Tarchiani, Cianca and Bauer, he founded the republican anti-fascist movement "Giustizia e Liberta", where he was a member of the Executive Committee until his imprisonment in the Regina Coeli prison. Released due to the various amnesties in 1939, he was placed under house arrest (confino) on the island of Ventotene. Here, in 1941, he wrote, in collaboration with Spinelli and Eugenio Colorni, the Manifesto, which laid the foundations of the European Federalist Movement. After the armistice in September 1943, he went into exile in Switzerland. In 1945 he returned to Italy, he took part in the insurrection of Milan as a member of the Executive of the Action Party of Northern Italy. he was then appointed under-secretary at the Ministry of Reconstruction during the Parri Government and participated in the work of the Consulta. From 1946 to 1958 he was president of the Azienda Rilievo Alienazione Residuati. During this period his activity as a journalist was particularly fruitful and he collaborated with "Il Mondo" of Pannunzio (1949-1962) and then with "L'Astrolabio" by Parri (1963-67). As executor of G. Salvemini, Rossi also coordinated the activities of the Committee responsible for the publication of the complete works of Salvemini. Rossi died on the 9 February 1967.
Cataloging source
IT-FiEUI
http://library.link/vocab/creatorDate
1897-1967
http://library.link/vocab/creatorName
Rossi, Ernesto
Language note
Fonds in Italian, French, English, German. Inventory in French
Location of other archival material
Documentation annexed to the fonds includes: extracts of review articles from "La riforma sociale", "Il ponte" and "Rassegna parlamentare", reports, minutes of meetings, essays.
http://library.link/vocab/subjectName
  • Rossi, Ernesto
  • Salvemini, Gaetano
  • Einaudi, Luigi
  • Spinelli, Altiero
  • Re, Carlo del
  • Rossi, Ernesto
  • Spinelli, Altiero
  • Colorni, Eugenio
  • Corpo dei volontari della libertà (Italy)
  • Ovra (Organization : Italy)
  • Federazione italiana dei consorzi agrari
  • Anti-fascist movements
  • European federation
  • Socialism
  • Intellectuals
  • World War, 1939-1945
  • Political prisoners
  • Italy
Label
Ernesto Rossi : [Fonds]
Link
http://archives.eui.eu/en/fonds/115005?item=ER
Instantiates
Note
Descriptions are the property of the European University Institute (Historical Archives of the European Union), but can be freely used provided that reference is made to the source. Described by Andrea Becherucci and Gherardo Bonini
Control code
FIEb17178381
Extent
10 linear meters, 171 files.
Governing access note
The access to the fonds is regulated by a special form for the request of documents, subject to the approval of the Rossi-Salvemini Foundation
Immediate source of acquisition
The fonds was deposited in the Historical Archives of the European Union following a contract signed on the 8 July 1999 with Prof. Pucci. The legal heir of prof. Pucci since his decease is the Rossi-Salvemini Foundation.
System control number
(OCoLC)851517394
Label
Ernesto Rossi : [Fonds]
Link
http://archives.eui.eu/en/fonds/115005?item=ER
Note
Descriptions are the property of the European University Institute (Historical Archives of the European Union), but can be freely used provided that reference is made to the source. Described by Andrea Becherucci and Gherardo Bonini
Control code
FIEb17178381
Extent
10 linear meters, 171 files.
Governing access note
The access to the fonds is regulated by a special form for the request of documents, subject to the approval of the Rossi-Salvemini Foundation
Immediate source of acquisition
The fonds was deposited in the Historical Archives of the European Union following a contract signed on the 8 July 1999 with Prof. Pucci. The legal heir of prof. Pucci since his decease is the Rossi-Salvemini Foundation.
System control number
(OCoLC)851517394

Library Locations

    • Historical Archives of the European UnionBorrow it
      Villa Salviati, Via Bolognese 156, Firenze, 50139, IT
      43.8042266 11.2712712