The Resource Economists and neoliberal reform : profession and power in tax policy-making, 1980-2010, Johan Christensen

Economists and neoliberal reform : profession and power in tax policy-making, 1980-2010, Johan Christensen

Label
Economists and neoliberal reform : profession and power in tax policy-making, 1980-2010
Title
Economists and neoliberal reform
Title remainder
profession and power in tax policy-making, 1980-2010
Statement of responsibility
Johan Christensen
Creator
Contributor
Subject
Language
eng
Summary
Why do some advanced capitalist countries go further than others in neoliberal reform? Why do some states seek to achieve economic growth through policies that emphasize economic efficiency and level playing fields while others pursue prosperity by stimulating specific economic sectors and activities? Challenging conventional ideational, partisan and political-institutional accounts, this dissertation proposes a professional explanation for neoliberal reform. Based on insights from the sociology of professions and the state and bureaucracy literatures, the thesis argues that the extent of neoliberal reform in large part is a function of the position of neoclassical economists within the state. To explore this argument, the dissertation examines tax policy-making in four small states in the period 1980-2010, namely New Zealand, Ireland, Norway and Denmark. The comparison of both similar cases with different outcomes and different cases with similar outcomes - that is, a "mixed systems design" - allows us to evaluate a set of explanations for neoliberal reform. Based on official documents, secondary literature and more than 70 interviews with policy-making elites, the analysis combines comparative analysis, process-tracing and counterfactual reasoning. The dissertation finds that neoliberal tax policies were adopted in some countries (New Zealand and Norway) and not in others (Ireland and Denmark) because of the varying entrenchment of the economics profession within the state. Where economists obtained a prominent position in the state during the Keynesian era, finance bureaucracies were highly receptive to the neoclassical ideas that spread within the economics discipline in the 1970s and 80s. Where the position of economists was weak or fragmented, neoclassical thinking did not break through. The position of neoclassical economists in the bureaucracy had a profound impact on policy-making not only because it determined what ideas were present, but also because the specific expertise and behavioural norms of neoclassical economists strengthened their influence vis-à-vis politicians in the formulation of policy. These findings contribute to a growing literature about the role of the economics profession in the diffusion in neoliberal policies
Member of
Cataloging source
IT-FiEUI
http://library.link/vocab/creatorDate
1985-
http://library.link/vocab/creatorName
Christensen, Johan
Date time place
Defence date: 24 June 2013
Dewey number
339.525
Dissertation note
Thesis (Ph. D.)--European University Institute (SPS), 2013.
Index
no index present
Literary form
non fiction
Nature of contents
theses
http://library.link/vocab/relatedWorkOrContributorName
European University Institute
Series statement
  • EUI PhD theses
  • EUI theses
http://library.link/vocab/subjectName
  • Taxation
  • Fiscal policy
  • Tax planning
Label
Economists and neoliberal reform : profession and power in tax policy-making, 1980-2010, Johan Christensen
Instantiates
Publication
Note
Examining Board: Professor Sven Steinmo, EUI (Supervisor); Professor Pepper Culpepper, EUI; Professor R. Kent Weaver, Georgetown University; Professor Niamh Hardiman, University College Dublin
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references (pages 223-235)
Carrier category
volume
Carrier category code
  • nc
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier.
Content category
text
Content type code
  • txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent.
Control code
FIEb17336806
Dimensions
30 cm.
Extent
viii, 235 pages
Media category
unmediated
Media MARC source
rdamedia.
Media type code
  • n
System control number
(OCoLC)1088495606
Label
Economists and neoliberal reform : profession and power in tax policy-making, 1980-2010, Johan Christensen
Publication
Note
Examining Board: Professor Sven Steinmo, EUI (Supervisor); Professor Pepper Culpepper, EUI; Professor R. Kent Weaver, Georgetown University; Professor Niamh Hardiman, University College Dublin
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references (pages 223-235)
Carrier category
volume
Carrier category code
  • nc
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier.
Content category
text
Content type code
  • txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent.
Control code
FIEb17336806
Dimensions
30 cm.
Extent
viii, 235 pages
Media category
unmediated
Media MARC source
rdamedia.
Media type code
  • n
System control number
(OCoLC)1088495606

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