Coverart for item
The Resource Descent into hell : civilian memories of the battle of Okinawa, Ryuku Shimpo ; foreword by Higa Tatsuro ; introduction by Ota Masahide ; translated with extensive commentary by Mark Ealey & Alastair McLauchlan

Descent into hell : civilian memories of the battle of Okinawa, Ryuku Shimpo ; foreword by Higa Tatsuro ; introduction by Ota Masahide ; translated with extensive commentary by Mark Ealey & Alastair McLauchlan

Label
Descent into hell : civilian memories of the battle of Okinawa
Title
Descent into hell
Title remainder
civilian memories of the battle of Okinawa
Statement of responsibility
Ryuku Shimpo ; foreword by Higa Tatsuro ; introduction by Ota Masahide ; translated with extensive commentary by Mark Ealey & Alastair McLauchlan
Title variation
Civilian memories of the battle of Okinawa
Creator
Contributor
Author of introduction
Translator
Subject
Genre
Language
eng
Summary
In 1983, concerned about the need to record and explain the experiences of Okinawans caught up in Battle of Okinawa, the local Ryukyu Shimpo newspaper carried out several hundred interviews with survivors. With explanatory comment added, this was published first in serial form, then later as a book. Tens of thousands of Okinawans were killed in the relentless bombardment by American forces, ten of thousands more local recruits died in Home Guard units, thousands of starvation and malaria in places away from the fighting, hundreds of young students died in the Blood and Iron Student Corps or as nurse's aides tending to wounded soldiers in hospital caves, and hundreds of evacuees lost their lives in ships sunk by U.S. submarines or aircraft. There were even people who took their own lives, or the lives of loved ones, to avoid what they had been told by the Japanese Army would be a far worse fate at the hands of American captors. Descent into Hell is the story of this apocalyptic struggle as told by those Okinawans who survived.--
Assigning source
Provided by Publisher
Cataloging source
AU@
http://library.link/vocab/creatorName
Shimpo, Ryukyu
Illustrations
maps
Index
no index present
Literary form
non fiction
Nature of contents
bibliography
http://library.link/vocab/relatedWorkOrContributorName
  • Tatsuro, Higa
  • Masahide, Ota
  • Ealey, Mark
  • McLauchlan, Alastair
http://library.link/vocab/subjectName
  • World War, 1939-1945
  • Civilians in war
Label
Descent into hell : civilian memories of the battle of Okinawa, Ryuku Shimpo ; foreword by Higa Tatsuro ; introduction by Ota Masahide ; translated with extensive commentary by Mark Ealey & Alastair McLauchlan
Instantiates
Publication
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references (pages 483-485)
Carrier category
volume
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier.
Content category
text
Content type MARC source
rdacontent.
Contents
ch. 1 The Sound of Army Boots Rings Out on the Cobblestones of Shuri -- ch. 2 Education -- Department of Internal Affairs Education Section -- Building of fortifications commences -- ch. 3 Evacuation -- Measures to evacuate civilians -- Command Post at Tsukazan -- Banquet on the evening before the 10 October 1944 air raid -- More than 1,100 Students die in the name of "National Defense" -- Military education teacher's memories -- ch. 4 Compulsory Mass Suicide -- Compulsory mass suicide in the Kerama Islands -- Induction ceremony -- The landings -- Defensive fortifications in Ginowan -- ch. 5 Student Soldiers -- Okinawa Prefectural First Middle School Blood and Iron Student Corps -- Agriculture and Forestry School Blood and Iron Student Corps -- No. 1 Surgery Unit nurse -- Nurses with the 62nd Infantry Division -- Special Student Unit -- Chihaya Unit -- Ryukon Shelter -- Kunii Hill Shelter -- Fortification Construction Unit -- Prefectural Technical High School Student Unit -- Normal School Infiltration Squad -- Kainan Middle School Signals Unit -- Third Prefectural Middle School Signals Unit Code Section -- Second Prefectural Middle School Signals Unit Wireless Section -- Okinawa Fisheries School teachers -- Fifteen-year-old signalman -- Laborers from Korea -- Communications blocked -- Yamashiro family wiped out -- Takaishiburi serves as a headstone -- Unexploded ordnance -- Unexploded ordnance in Tomigusuku -- ch. 6 List of Postwar Accidents Involving Unexploded Ordnance -- Fierce fighting in the Urasoe area -- Infiltration squads -- Husband killed in battle -- Kamiya Kinie -- Shuri Castle -- 32nd Army Command Post at Shuri -- Life in the Command Post Shelter -- Women in the Command Post Shelter -- Observation Post in Shuri Castle -- 5th Artillery Command Post Shelter -- 62nd Division engineers -- ch. 7 Excesses Committed by the Imperial Japanese Army -- Execution of a "spy" -- Fires on the battlefield -- Shuri Castle burned to the ground -- Last days of a Shuri Girls' School teacher -- ch. 8 How Strategic Decisions in the Battle of Okinawa Affected Civilians -- Choice of strategy -- Imperial Headquarters' focus switches to final showdown on the main islands -- From decisive struggle aimed at victory to battle of attrition -- Retreat -- Tsuken-jima---Arakawa Castle Shelter -- Maezato in Itoman -- Yamane Unit's Medical Shelter -- Commanding officers of the 32nd Army -- Home Guard -- Home Guard on Ie-Jima -- Ie-jima Women's Cooperative Unit -- Nageera Cave -- Nunumachi-gama -- 44th Independent Mixed Brigade Engineers Shelter -- 14th Independent Infantry Battalion of the 62nd Division -- Ufugusukumui Shelter -- Arakaki Shelter -- Cave at Tahara -- Kohatsu in Nishihara -- American POWS -- Letters sent to evacuated family members -- ch. 9 Nurse Aides During the Battle of Okinawa -- Sekitoku Girls' School -- Showa Girls' School -- Nurses at No. 3 Surgery Unit -- Haebaru Army Hospital -- Young girl flees with mother -- Schoolgirls' group suicide -- Okinawa Region Weather Observatory -- Command Post in Mabuni -- Stranded on the Senkaku Islands -- Forced Out by Japanese soldiers -- Countless bodies at Giizabanta -- 32nd Army falls apart -- Call for surrender -- ch. 10 Malaria and Starvation -- Taken prisoner in June 1945 -- Communal graves in Nago -- Name tag given by father is found four decades later -- Only two out of family of thirteen survive -- Only one survives -- Family wiped out -- ch. 11 Internment Camps -- Remains found of a mother holding a baby -- Remains found in a thicket of lead trees -- Search for the location where father died -- Compiling a list of war dead -- ch. 12 Kyosei Renko---Forced Migration of Korean Citizens to Help Japan's War Effort -- Koreans killed in the Battle -- Tears shed on meeting after thirty-nine years -- Meeting thirty-nine years after 10 October 1944 air raid -- Memorials in Komesu -- After the Battle, civilians secure food and timber supplies from the former Command Post -- Letters sent to family -- Farewell letters recovered -- ch. 13 American Excesses -- Ruins of the U.S. army field hospital in Ginoza -- Nagatohara communal grave -- Burial at Nakaoji in Nago -- Okinawa Shimpo newspaper -- Survivors of the 89th Infantry Regiment come to collect bones -- ch. 14 Psychological Impact
Control code
FIEb17613218
Dimensions
23 cm.
Extent
xxv, 486 pages
Isbn
9781937385279
Media category
unmediated
Media MARC source
rdamedia.
Other physical details
maps
System control number
(OCoLC)890759602
Label
Descent into hell : civilian memories of the battle of Okinawa, Ryuku Shimpo ; foreword by Higa Tatsuro ; introduction by Ota Masahide ; translated with extensive commentary by Mark Ealey & Alastair McLauchlan
Publication
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references (pages 483-485)
Carrier category
volume
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier.
Content category
text
Content type MARC source
rdacontent.
Contents
ch. 1 The Sound of Army Boots Rings Out on the Cobblestones of Shuri -- ch. 2 Education -- Department of Internal Affairs Education Section -- Building of fortifications commences -- ch. 3 Evacuation -- Measures to evacuate civilians -- Command Post at Tsukazan -- Banquet on the evening before the 10 October 1944 air raid -- More than 1,100 Students die in the name of "National Defense" -- Military education teacher's memories -- ch. 4 Compulsory Mass Suicide -- Compulsory mass suicide in the Kerama Islands -- Induction ceremony -- The landings -- Defensive fortifications in Ginowan -- ch. 5 Student Soldiers -- Okinawa Prefectural First Middle School Blood and Iron Student Corps -- Agriculture and Forestry School Blood and Iron Student Corps -- No. 1 Surgery Unit nurse -- Nurses with the 62nd Infantry Division -- Special Student Unit -- Chihaya Unit -- Ryukon Shelter -- Kunii Hill Shelter -- Fortification Construction Unit -- Prefectural Technical High School Student Unit -- Normal School Infiltration Squad -- Kainan Middle School Signals Unit -- Third Prefectural Middle School Signals Unit Code Section -- Second Prefectural Middle School Signals Unit Wireless Section -- Okinawa Fisheries School teachers -- Fifteen-year-old signalman -- Laborers from Korea -- Communications blocked -- Yamashiro family wiped out -- Takaishiburi serves as a headstone -- Unexploded ordnance -- Unexploded ordnance in Tomigusuku -- ch. 6 List of Postwar Accidents Involving Unexploded Ordnance -- Fierce fighting in the Urasoe area -- Infiltration squads -- Husband killed in battle -- Kamiya Kinie -- Shuri Castle -- 32nd Army Command Post at Shuri -- Life in the Command Post Shelter -- Women in the Command Post Shelter -- Observation Post in Shuri Castle -- 5th Artillery Command Post Shelter -- 62nd Division engineers -- ch. 7 Excesses Committed by the Imperial Japanese Army -- Execution of a "spy" -- Fires on the battlefield -- Shuri Castle burned to the ground -- Last days of a Shuri Girls' School teacher -- ch. 8 How Strategic Decisions in the Battle of Okinawa Affected Civilians -- Choice of strategy -- Imperial Headquarters' focus switches to final showdown on the main islands -- From decisive struggle aimed at victory to battle of attrition -- Retreat -- Tsuken-jima---Arakawa Castle Shelter -- Maezato in Itoman -- Yamane Unit's Medical Shelter -- Commanding officers of the 32nd Army -- Home Guard -- Home Guard on Ie-Jima -- Ie-jima Women's Cooperative Unit -- Nageera Cave -- Nunumachi-gama -- 44th Independent Mixed Brigade Engineers Shelter -- 14th Independent Infantry Battalion of the 62nd Division -- Ufugusukumui Shelter -- Arakaki Shelter -- Cave at Tahara -- Kohatsu in Nishihara -- American POWS -- Letters sent to evacuated family members -- ch. 9 Nurse Aides During the Battle of Okinawa -- Sekitoku Girls' School -- Showa Girls' School -- Nurses at No. 3 Surgery Unit -- Haebaru Army Hospital -- Young girl flees with mother -- Schoolgirls' group suicide -- Okinawa Region Weather Observatory -- Command Post in Mabuni -- Stranded on the Senkaku Islands -- Forced Out by Japanese soldiers -- Countless bodies at Giizabanta -- 32nd Army falls apart -- Call for surrender -- ch. 10 Malaria and Starvation -- Taken prisoner in June 1945 -- Communal graves in Nago -- Name tag given by father is found four decades later -- Only two out of family of thirteen survive -- Only one survives -- Family wiped out -- ch. 11 Internment Camps -- Remains found of a mother holding a baby -- Remains found in a thicket of lead trees -- Search for the location where father died -- Compiling a list of war dead -- ch. 12 Kyosei Renko---Forced Migration of Korean Citizens to Help Japan's War Effort -- Koreans killed in the Battle -- Tears shed on meeting after thirty-nine years -- Meeting thirty-nine years after 10 October 1944 air raid -- Memorials in Komesu -- After the Battle, civilians secure food and timber supplies from the former Command Post -- Letters sent to family -- Farewell letters recovered -- ch. 13 American Excesses -- Ruins of the U.S. army field hospital in Ginoza -- Nagatohara communal grave -- Burial at Nakaoji in Nago -- Okinawa Shimpo newspaper -- Survivors of the 89th Infantry Regiment come to collect bones -- ch. 14 Psychological Impact
Control code
FIEb17613218
Dimensions
23 cm.
Extent
xxv, 486 pages
Isbn
9781937385279
Media category
unmediated
Media MARC source
rdamedia.
Other physical details
maps
System control number
(OCoLC)890759602

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