The Resource Delayed transitional justice : accounting for timing and cross-country variation in transitional justice trajectories, Mariana S. Mendes

Delayed transitional justice : accounting for timing and cross-country variation in transitional justice trajectories, Mariana S. Mendes

Label
Delayed transitional justice : accounting for timing and cross-country variation in transitional justice trajectories
Title
Delayed transitional justice
Title remainder
accounting for timing and cross-country variation in transitional justice trajectories
Statement of responsibility
Mariana S. Mendes
Creator
Subject
Language
eng
Summary
This dissertation aims, first, at accounting for the timing of implementation of Transitional Justice (TJ) policies and, second, at comparing TJ trajectories and outcomes in countries that had negotiated transitions from authoritarianism to democracy. Specifically, it focuses on TJ mechanisms adopted long after the transition to democratic rule and asks why now? Furthermore, it explores why states with the same type of transition differed in their TJ trajectories later on, comparing a case of ‘robust’ implementation (Uruguay), a case where only 'victim-centered' measures were approved (Spain), and a case that sits in between (Brazil). Combining an agentic approach with a path-dependence theoretical framework, it argues that both supply and demand-side factors matter in understanding the timing of implementation of TJ policies and the type of policy adopted, but that the historical-normative context for dealing with the past in each country - their 'mnemonic regime' - sets different boundaries in each case. Zooming in into seven cases of 'late' TJ policy implementation and looking at the supply and demand factors at play, it concludes that political opportunities for TJ measures arise when the combination between the preferences of the executive and the levels of external pressure outweigh or match the perceived costs of specific measures. In other words, both (1) agendasetting pressures and (2) a (usually left-wing) government sympathetic toward TJ measures are necessary, but the choice of policy instrument depends on how strong preferences, pressures, and perceived costs are. Differences in these dimensions are, in turn, not independent from the ‘mnemonic regime’ actors have been embedded in, with the historical experience of Uruguay contrasting with the one of Spain and Brazil in the extent to which the political crimes of the dictatorship have been an object of social and political contention over the years. In Spain and Brazil, instead, the ‘reconciliation ethos’ of the transition complicates the enactment of (robust) TJ policies. Crosscountry differences in ‘mnemonic regimes’ and TJ outcomes are, in turn, also explained by structural differences related to (1) pre-authoritarian democratic experiences, (2) repression’s characteristics, (3) correlation of political forces at the transition stage and (4) international influences
Cataloging source
FIE
http://library.link/vocab/creatorName
Mendes, Mariana S
Date time place
Defence date: 10 October 2019
Dissertation note
Thesis (Ph. D.)--European University Institute (SPS), 2019
Index
no index present
Literary form
non fiction
Nature of contents
theses
Series statement
  • EUI PhD theses.
  • EUI theses
http://library.link/vocab/subjectName
  • Transitional justice
  • Democracy
  • Reconciliation
Label
Delayed transitional justice : accounting for timing and cross-country variation in transitional justice trajectories, Mariana S. Mendes
Link
http://hdl.handle.net/1814/64545
Instantiates
Publication
Note
Examining Board: Professor Donatella della Porta, Scuola Normale Superiore/ former EUI (Supervisor); Professor Jenifer Welsh, European University Institute; Professor Leigh A. Payne, St Anthony’s College - Oxford; Professor Paloma Aguilar, UNED (Madrid)
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references (pages 269-285)
Carrier category
volume
Carrier category code
  • nc
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Content category
text
Content type code
  • txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Dimensions
30 cm.
Extent
xii, 287 pages
Media category
unmediated
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
  • n
Label
Delayed transitional justice : accounting for timing and cross-country variation in transitional justice trajectories, Mariana S. Mendes
Link
http://hdl.handle.net/1814/64545
Publication
Note
Examining Board: Professor Donatella della Porta, Scuola Normale Superiore/ former EUI (Supervisor); Professor Jenifer Welsh, European University Institute; Professor Leigh A. Payne, St Anthony’s College - Oxford; Professor Paloma Aguilar, UNED (Madrid)
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references (pages 269-285)
Carrier category
volume
Carrier category code
  • nc
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Content category
text
Content type code
  • txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Dimensions
30 cm.
Extent
xii, 287 pages
Media category
unmediated
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
  • n

Library Locations

    • Badia FiesolanaBorrow it
      Via dei Roccettini 9, San Domenico di Fiesole, 50014, IT
      43.803074 11.283055
Processing Feedback ...