The Resource Alcide De Gasperi : [Fonds]

Alcide De Gasperi : [Fonds]

Label
Alcide De Gasperi : [Fonds], 1845-2009
Title
Alcide De Gasperi
Title remainder
[Fonds]
Inclusive dates
1845-2009
Creator
Subject
Genre
Language
  • por
  • rus
  • ser
  • spa
  • swe
  • ita
  • cze
  • dan
  • dut
  • eng
  • fin
  • fre
  • ger
  • ita
Summary
The documents show in detail the birth and development of the Democrazia Cristiana Italiana and the relationship, sometimes controversial, that De Gasperi had with many important members of his party. Part of the material is related to De Gasperi's political support to the Trentino irredentism while an other part concerns the opposition to the fascist regime and the relationship De Gasperi had with the Vatican State during the dictatorship. In addition to that, there are some documents about international politics and Italian foreign politics, such as the membership of Italy to the North Atlantic Treaty, the Trieste issue, the Schuman Declaration and the draft of a Treaty for a Defense European Community
Biographical or historical data
Alcide De Gasperi was born in Austria in the Trentino region, south of the Tyrol. He won a scholarship at 19 years of age to attend the University of Vienna in 1900 where he got his PhD in Philosophy and Humanities. In 1904, German language students initiated riots during the inauguration of the faculty of law at Innsbruck and as a result De Gasperi had his first taste of prison. This could have led him to ally with irredentism (Austrians from the South who wanted to become Italians); however he was not tempted to take this road. A pro-Italian movement however formed around him and De Gasperi became in 1905 director of the "Voce Cattolica", later known as "Il Trentino", which was the newspaper of the "Unione Politica Popolare del Trentino" for the Italians in this region. In 1911 he was elected Austrian deputy to the Austrian Chamber where he made many speeches defending the "italianness" of his province. On the eve of the First World War, this young deputy devoted his energies to promoting peace by meeting the Italian Minister for Foreign Affairs. However the escalating War cut short his ambitions. In the days following the peace treaty of 1919, Trentino was annexed by Italy and Alcide De Gasperi became therefore Italian. He moved to Rome to continue his political activities. In 1921 he became an Italian deputy and presided over the political group "Partito Popolare", a Catholic party founded by the monk Luigi Sturzo, predecessor of the future "Democrazia Cristiana". However, on the 28th October 1922 Benito Mussolini came to power and De Gasperi encountered many problems with fascists who openly criticised him. In 1926, he forfeited his parliamentary mandate and was imprisoned. He was released in 1928 thanks to the actions of the Bishop of Trento, who was close to the King of Italy who had collaborated with Mussolini. He sought refuge in the Vatican where he took up a modest position in the Vatican Library and from there he tried, on the eve of the Second World War, to construct a new Catholic party which took the name "Democrazia Cristiana". On 16th June 1944, 12 days after the liberation of Rome he became Minister without portofolio in the first government of Ivanoe Bonomi. Later he became Minister for Foreign Affairs in the second government of Bonomi (12 December 1955 <U+0127> � 19 June 1945) and in the government of Ferruccio Parri (21 June 1945 <U+0127> � 8 December 1945). His greatest challenge was to give Italy a place among Western European states. On the 10th of December 1945 he was Prime Minister for the first time, a position he held another 8 times. In May 1950, he responded enthusiastically to Robert Schuman's call and gave immediately his full support for a European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC). According to De Gasperi, Italy's place was in the ECSC, as he wanted to redeem his country's image. He dreamt of a European federation, not only in the sphere of coal and steel, but in all domains. Due to illness he didn't take on the role of President of the Council from the Summer of 1953, but remained as head of the party.
Cataloging source
FIE
http://library.link/vocab/creatorDate
1881-1954
http://library.link/vocab/creatorName
De Gasperi, Alcide
Language note
Fonds in Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Portuguese, Russian, Serbian, Spanish, Swedish. Inventory in Italian
http://library.link/vocab/subjectName
  • De Gasperi, Alcide
  • De Gasperi, Alcide
  • Partito della democrazia cristiana
  • European Union
  • Statesmen
  • Statesmen
  • Federal government
  • World War, 1914-1918
  • World War, 1939-1945
  • International relations
  • Diplomatic documents
  • Italy
  • Italy
  • Italy
  • Trieste (Italy)
  • Italy
  • Slovenia
  • Irredentism
  • Trentino-Alto Adige (Italy)
  • Italy
  • Italy
Label
Alcide De Gasperi : [Fonds]
Link
http://archives.eui.eu/en/fonds/1444?item=ADG
Instantiates
Note
Descriptions are the property of the European University Institute (Historical Archives of the European Union), but can be freely used provided that reference is made to the source. Described by Andrea Becherucci and Gherardo Bonini
Contents
Series: Austria -- Refugee camps -- Trentino -- Partito popolare italiano -- Fascism -- Works -- Typewritten articles -- Interviews and press releases -- Church -- Second World war -- Resistance -- Referendum -- Democrazia cristiana -- Political parties -- Foreign relations -- Foreign affairs -- State crisis -- Elections -- Pignone dispute -- Legal action towards Giovanni Guareschi and the "Candido" -- Wishes for 70th birthday -- Condolences for his death -- Press review
Control code
FIEb17778372
Extent
circa 200 dossiers.
Governing access note
Unrestricted access
Immediate source of acquisition
Deposited on 7th November 2001 by the daughter Maria Romana De Gasperi.
Organization method
The fonds has been arranged according to the organisation given by the daughter, Maria Romana De Gasperi.
System control number
(OCoLC)993043129
Label
Alcide De Gasperi : [Fonds]
Link
http://archives.eui.eu/en/fonds/1444?item=ADG
Note
Descriptions are the property of the European University Institute (Historical Archives of the European Union), but can be freely used provided that reference is made to the source. Described by Andrea Becherucci and Gherardo Bonini
Contents
Series: Austria -- Refugee camps -- Trentino -- Partito popolare italiano -- Fascism -- Works -- Typewritten articles -- Interviews and press releases -- Church -- Second World war -- Resistance -- Referendum -- Democrazia cristiana -- Political parties -- Foreign relations -- Foreign affairs -- State crisis -- Elections -- Pignone dispute -- Legal action towards Giovanni Guareschi and the "Candido" -- Wishes for 70th birthday -- Condolences for his death -- Press review
Control code
FIEb17778372
Extent
circa 200 dossiers.
Governing access note
Unrestricted access
Immediate source of acquisition
Deposited on 7th November 2001 by the daughter Maria Romana De Gasperi.
Organization method
The fonds has been arranged according to the organisation given by the daughter, Maria Romana De Gasperi.
System control number
(OCoLC)993043129

Library Locations

    • Historical Archives of the European UnionBorrow it
      Villa Salviati, Via Bolognese 156, Firenze, 50139, IT
      43.8042266 11.2712712
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